Adult Oral Health

Periodontal Disease or Gum Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum tissue that affects 1 in 2 Americans or 65 million Americans. It is often painless and undetected. If left untreated, it can cause loss of tissue and bone supporting your tooth.


  1. What is gum disease?
  2. What is a “deep cleaning” /scaling and root planing treatment for gum disease?
  3. Types of gum disease
  4. Risk factors for gum disease
  5. VIDEO: What is gum disease?

Video: What is the treatment option called scaling and root planing or a “deep cleaning”?

Dental Cavities

  1. W5387196_orig.gifhat causes cavities?
  2. How does a tooth decay?
  3. How to prevent cavities?
  4. Take this quiz to find out if you are high, medium, or low risk for cavities/dental decay!
  5. VIDEO: How do cavities form?
  6. What is the treatment for dental cavities?
    1. Behavior modification and use of fluoride: When the bacterial infection is in the first layer of the tooth, it is possible to stop the cavity from progressing any further with better oral hygiene methods (brushing, flossing), diet change (decrease acid attacks, sugar exposure, etc), and use of fluoride.
    2. Simple filling: When the bacterial infection is in the first two layers of the tooth a simple filling can be done. The decayed tooth structure will be removed and replaced with a silver or tooth-colored filling.
    3. Root canal: When the bacterial infection has reached the innermost part of the tooth where the nerve and blood supply is, a root canal procedure must be done. This ensures the bacteria is removed in the nerve canal and resolves infection at the base of the tooth. A large filling then is placed and a crown, or cap, is made to protect tooth.
      1.  VIDEO: Root Canal Procedure
    4. Extraction or Tooth Removal: When the bacterial infection has decayed a majority of the tooth, a root canal and filling cannot be done. The tooth will need to be removed